»Frauen sind von zentraler Bedeutung für Entwicklung, Frieden und sicherheitspolitische Ziele« | Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik


»Frauen sind von zentraler Bedeutung für Entwicklung, Frieden und sicherheitspolitische Ziele«

Bericht der neuen UN-Organisation für Frauen „UN Women“, 6.7.2011

This volume of Progress of the World’s Women starts with a
paradox: the past century has seen a transformation in women’s
legal rights, with countries in every region expanding the scope of
women’s legal entitlements. Nevertheless for most of the world’s
women, the laws that exist on paper do not translate to equality
and justice.
In 1911, just two countries in the world allowed women to vote.
A century later, that right is virtually universal and women are
exercising greater influence in decision-making than ever before.
Alongside women’s greater political influence, there has been a
growing recognition of women’s rights, not only political and civil,
but also economic, social and cultural rights. Today, 186 countries
worldwide have ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), signalling their
commitment to meeting the human rights of women and girls,
breaking down the barriers to gender equality and justice.
And yet, while examples of countries making immense strides
in promoting gender equality abound, all too often women are
denied control over their bodies, denied a voice in decisionmaking
and denied protection from violence. Some 600 million
women, more than half the world’s working women, are in
vulnerable employment, trapped in insecure jobs, often outside
the purview of labour legislation. Despite major progress on legal
frameworks, millions of women report experiencing violence
in their lifetimes, usually at the hands of an intimate partner.
Meanwhile, the systematic targeting of women for brutal sexual
violence is a hallmark of modern conflicts.
Pervasive discrimination against women creates major hurdles
to achieving rights and hinders progress on all of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) – the benchmarks that the
international community has set to eradicate extreme poverty –
from improving maternal health, to achieving universal education
and halting the spread of HIV and AIDS.
Although equality between women and men is guaranteed in
the Constitutions of 139 countries and territories, inadequate
laws and implementation gaps make these guarantees hollow
promises, having little impact on the day-to-day lives of
women. In many contexts, in rich and poor countries alike, the
infrastructure of justice – the police, the courts and the judiciary
– is failing women, which manifests itself in poor services and
hostile attitudes from the very people whose duty it is to meet
women’s rights.
Progress of the World’s Women shows that well-functioning
legal and justice systems can be a vital mechanism for women
to achieve their rights. They can shape society by providing
accountability, by stopping the abuse of power and by creating
new norms. The courts have been a critical site of accountability
for individual women to claim rights and to set legal precedents
that have benefitted millions of others.
This report highlights the ways in which governments and civil
society are working together to reform laws and create new
models for justice service delivery that meet women’s needs. It
demonstrates how they have risen to the challenge of ensuring
that women can access justice in the most challenging of
situations, including in the context of legal pluralism and during
and after conflict.

Sie können den gesamten Bericht hier herunterladen.