»In den vergangenen 10 Jahren starben mehr als 350 000 Menschen durch Erdbeben« | Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik


»In den vergangenen 10 Jahren starben mehr als 350 000 Menschen durch Erdbeben«

Bericht der Internationalen Föderation der Rotkreuz- und Rothalbmondgesellschaften, 31.10.2018 (engl. Originalfassung)

In 2015, the world pledged to ‘leave no one behind’ as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. But millions of people are left behind in humanitarian crises. Precise figures remain elusive (given measuring need is an inexact art), but the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs’ Global Humanitarian Overview (OCHA, 2018a) estimates that some 134 million people will require humanitarian assistance world - wide in 2018. It further estimates that around 97.4 million people would be selected for international assistance under the joint humanitarian response plans, leaving a 27% gap which would only be partially met by domestic authorities or other organiyations includ - ing the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Looking at several major operations from 2017, in some cases fewer than half of the people estimated to be in need were actually known to be reached by internationally supported humanitarian assistance.

There are many ways in which people with significant humanitarian needs are left behind by the humanitarian sector (including humanitarian agencies and their donors). While the groups passed over, and the reasons they are missed, sometimes change, there are clear common routes to exclusion. The 2018 World Disasters Report asks challenging questions of affected states, admittedly overburdened donors, and local and international humanitarian organizations. It includes a strong call for more, for better and for more equitable, funding and action to meet the rising needs. It also calls for a more conscious and transparent approach to ensuring the people in greatest need are placed first in line for assistance. The report identifies five fatal flaws that are allowing so many people to fall through the cracks: too many affected people are 1) out of sight , 2) out of reach , 3) left out of the loop , or find themselves in crises that are 4) out of money , or deemed to be 5) out of scope because they are suffering in ways that are not seen as the responsibility of the humanitarian sector.

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