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»Jeden Tag sterben 15.000 Kinder einen vermeidbaren Tod«

UN-Bericht zur Kindersterblichkeit, 18.10.2017 (engl. Originalfassung)

Every year, millions of children under 5 years of age die, mostly from preventable causes such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria. In almost half of the cases, malnutrition plays a role, while unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene are also significant contributing factors. For this reason, child mortality is a key indicator not only for child health and well-being, but for overall progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

With the end of the era of the Millennium Development Goals, the international community agreed on a new framework – the SDGs. The SDG target for child mortality represents a renewed commitment to the world’s children: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 deaths per 1,000 live births and under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 deaths per 1,000 live births.

The world made substantial progress in reducing child mortality in the past few decades. Globally, the under-five mortality rate dropped from 93 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 41 in 2016. Progress in reducing child mortality has been accelerated in the 2000–2016 period compared with the 1990s – globally, the annual rate of reduction in the under-five mortality rate has increased from 1.9 per cent in 1990–2000 to 4.0 per cent in 2000–2016. The remarkable progress in improving child survival since 2000 has saved the lives of 50 million children under age 5 – children who would have died had under-five mortality remained at the same level as in 2000 in each country.

Despite the substantial progress in reducing child mortality, child survival remains an urgent concern. In 2016, 5.6 million children died before their fifth birthday – among them 2.6 million (46 per cent) died in the first month of life. It is unacceptable that 15,000 children die every day, mostly from preventable causes and  treatable diseases, even though the knowledge  and technologies for life-saving interventions are  available.

Den vollständigen Bericht finden Sie hier.

 

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