»Myanmar: Die Menschenrechte von Angehörigen ethnischer Minderheiten werden verletzt« | Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik


»Myanmar: Die Menschenrechte von Angehörigen ethnischer Minderheiten werden verletzt«

Bericht von Amnesty International, 14.6.2017 (engl. Originalfassung)

Six years after the 17-year ceasefire broke between the Myanmar Army and the Kachin Independence Organization/Army (KIO/A), one of the country’s largest ethnic armed groups, fighting continues to rage throughout northern Myanmar. In the areas of Kachin and northern Shan States that border China, new surges in fighting are often coupled with crimes under international law and other serious violations and abuses of human rights—in particular against civilians from ethnic minorities. More than 98,000 civilians are displaced, a crisis that the Myanmar government has exacerbated by restricting humanitarian access to specific areas, particularly those controlled by ethnic armed groups.
This report examines international human rights and humanitarian law violations committed since mid-2016 by parties to the ongoing internal armed conflicts in Kachin and northern Shan States. In August 2016, the Myanmar Armed Forces launched an offensive against a string of KIA mountain posts, leading to renewed civilian displacement amidst some of the heaviest fighting in years in Kachin State. Several months later, the Northern Alliance, consisting of four ethnic armed groups, attacked Myanmar Army and police outposts in northern Shan State, spurring a heavy-handed response by the Army. As fighting escalated in advance of peace talks in late May 2017, civilians often suffered most.
Amnesty International undertook three research missions to Kachin and northern Shan States between March and May 2017, visiting towns and ten internally displaced person (IDP) camps spread across both government- and non-government controlled areas. In total, Amnesty International interviewed more than 140 people, including victims and direct witnesses to violations of the laws of war; local and international humanitarian officials; human rights defenders; and community leaders. The findings are also based on photographs and videos related to human rights violations; official documents, including orders and identification cards issued by the Myanmar Army; and an examination of GPS coordinates and satellite imagery pertaining to incidents in which the military conducted airstrikes or fired mortar shells.

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