Bericht der WHO, 29.10.2018 (engl. Originalfassung)
Recent data released by the World Health Organization (WHO) show that air pollution has a vast and terrible impact on child health and survival. Globally, 93% of all children live in environments with air pollution levels above the WHO guidelines. More than one in every four deaths of children under 5 years is directly or indirectly related to environmental risks. Both Ambient air pollution (AAP) and household air pollution (HAP) contribute to respiratory tract infections that resulted in 543000 deaths in children under 5 years in 2016. Although air pollution is a global problem, the burden of disease attributable to particulate matter in air is heaviest in low- and middle -income countries (LMICs), particularly in the WHO African, South-East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific regions. LMICs in these regions – especially the African Region – have the highest levels of exposure to HAP due to the widespread use of polluting fuels and technologies for basic daily needs, such as cooking, heating and lighting. Poverty is correlated with high exposure to environmental health risks. Poverty can also compound the damaging health effects of air pollution, by limiting access to information, treatment and other health care resources.
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