Dokumente

»Das TTIP untergräbt demokratische Entscheidungsprozesse«

Offener Brief verschiedener NGOs und Gewerkschaften gegen Konzern-Klagerechte im Transatlantischen Freihandelsabkommen, 16.12.2013 (engl. Originalfassung)

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Dear Ambassador Michael Froman and Commissioner Karel De Gucht:

The undersigned organizations are writing to express our opposition to the inclusion of investorstate dispute settlement (ISDS) in the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).

ISDS grants foreign corporations the right to go before private trade tribunals and directly challenge government policies and actions that corporations allege reduce the value of their investments. Even if a new policy applies equally to domestic and foreign investors, ISDS allows foreign corporations to demand compensation for the absence of a ‘predictable regulatory environment.’

In recent years, the use of ISDS to challenge a diverse array of government policies has expanded dramatically. Inclusion of ISDS in free trade agreements and bilateral investment treaties has allowed corporations to file over 500 cases against 95 governments. Many of these cases directly attack public interest and environmental policies. For the following reasons, we strongly urge you to exclude ISDS from TTIP: ISDS forces governments to use taxpayer funds to compensate corporations for public health, environmental, labor and other public interest policies and government actions: ISDS has been used to attack clean energy, mining, land use, health, labor, and other public interest policies. In fact, of the more than $14 billion in the 16 claims now pending under just U.S. free trade agreements, all relate to environmental, energy, financial regulation, public health, land use and transportation policies – not traditional trade issues.

Increasingly, corporations are using ISDS to challenge non-discriminatory government measures. For example, EU investors have attacked Egypt’s minimum-wage increase, and a U.S. corporation has attacked the Peruvian government’s decision to regulate toxic waste and close a dangerously polluting smelter under deals with ISDS. In one of the most notorious cases, U.S. tobacco giant Philip Morris launched investor-state cases challenging anti-smoking laws in Uruguay and Australia after failing to undermine the health laws in domestic courts. Particularly because of the significant number of cross-registered companies in the United States and the EU, the number of ISDS attacks on public interest policies would likely increase dramatically if TTIP includes ISDS. Governments must have the flexibility to put in place public interest policies without fear of trade litigation launched by corporations.

ISDS undermines democratic decision-making: ISDS grants foreign corporations the right to directly challenge government policies and actions in private tribunals, bypassing domestic courts and creating a new legal system that is exclusively available to foreign investors and multinational corporations. ISDS also offers corporations a venue through which to challenge domestic court decisions, further undermining domestic decision-making. In short, ISDS is a one-way street by which corporations can challenge government policies, but neither governments nor individuals are granted any comparable rights to hold corporations accountable.

European and U.S. legal systems are capable of handling investment disputes: The United States and the EU have very strong domestic court systems and property rights protections. Inclusion of ISDS in TTIP would only provide corporations a new means to attack domestic policies deemed permissible by domestic courts. A state-to-state dispute settlement system is more than sufficient to handle investment disputes in TTIP.

These and other concerns underscore why our organizations are opposed to including investorstate in TTIP. We call on you to exclude investor-state dispute settlement from the agreement.

U.S. and EU or Global:

350.org

Global Marshall Plan Initiative

Greenpeace

IBFAN

International Trade Union Confederation

Naturefriends International

Transnational Institute

United States

ActionAid USA

African Services Committee, U.S. and Ethiopia

American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)

American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSME)

Americans for Democratic Action

Blue Green Alliance

Center for Digital Democracy

Center for Effective Government

Center for Food Safety

Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)

Citizens Trade Campaign

Coalition for Sensible Safeguards

Communications Workers of America (CWA)

Consumer Action

Consumer Federation of America

Consumers Union

Earthjustice

Environmental Investigation Agency

Fair World Project

Farmworker Association of Florida

Food & Water Watch

Friends of the Earth U.S.

Health GAP (Global Access Project)

Indiana Toxics Action Project

Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

Institute for Policy Studies, Global Economy Project

International Brotherhood of Boilermakers

International Brotherhood of Teamsters

International Fund for Animal Welfare

Knowledge Ecology International

National Association of Consumer Advocates

National Legislative Association on Prescription Drug Prices

National Wildlife Federation (NWF)

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

Oil Change International

Pesticide Action Network North America

Portland Area Global AIDS Coalition-Global South

Public Citizen

Sierra Club

Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur Justice and Peace Network

Sustainable Energy & Economy Network

United Steelworkers (USW)

Women's Voices for the Earth

Europe:

11.11.11, Belgium

Act Up, France

Africa Europe Faith and Justice Network (AEFJN) Belgium

Afrika Kontakt, Denmark

A G Post-Fossil, Germany

AITEC, France

Alliance for Cancer Prevention, UK

Amigos de la Tierra (FoE Spain)

Aquattac, Europe

Arbeiterkammer Wien (Chamber of Labour Vienna), Austria

Arbeitsgemeinschaft bäuerliche Landwirtschaft (ABL), Germany

Arbeitskreis Heckenschutz, Germany

ATTAC Austria

ATTAC Darmstadt, Germany

ATTAC France

ATTAC Germany

Attac Gruppe Schwalm-Eder, Germany

ATTAC Stuttgart, Germany

Attac Wuppertal (Agrargruppe), Germany

Austrian Trade Union Federation (ÖGB)

Baby Milk Action, UK

Bee Life European Beekeeping Coordination

Berliner Wassertisch (Berlin Watertable), Germany

Buglife - The Invertebrate Conservation Trust, Europe

BUND e.V. - Friends of the Earth Germany

Bürgerinitiative Fracking freies Hessen, Germany

Bürgerinitiative für ein lebenswertes Korbach, Germany

Campact e.V., Germany

CEE Bankwatch Network, Europe

Center for Encounter and Active Non-violence, Austria

Chaos Computer Club e.V., Germany

ClientEarth, UK, Belgium, Poland

Climate Action Network Europe

CNCD-11.11.11, Belgium

Corporate Europe Observatory, Belgium

Danish Ecological Council

Décroissance Bern, Switzerland

Deutsche Umweltstiftung, Germany

Deutscher Berufs- und Erwerbsimkerbund e.V

Deutscher Naturschutzring (DNR), Germany

DIVaN e.V., Germany

Earth Watch Media, Netherlands

Ecologistas en Acción, Spain

EcoNexus, UK and International

European Attac Network, Europe

European Environmental Bureau (EEB)

European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU)

European Professional Beekeepers Association

European Public Health Alliance

Fairwatch, Italy

Federation of Greek Beekeepers Associations

Forschungs- und Dokumentationszentrum Chile-Lateinamerika e.V., Germany

Friends of the Earth Europe

Gemeingut in BürgerInnenhand (GiB), Germany

Gen-ethisches Netzwerk, Europe

German Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU), BirdLife partner, Germany

German NGO Forum on Environment and Development

Germanwatch

Gewerkschaft der Gemeindebediensteten-Kunst, Medien,Sport, freie Berufe (GdG-KMSfB), Austria

Global Responsibility – Austrian Platform for Development and Humanitarian Aid, Austria

Health Action International

Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL), Europe

Health Care Without Harm, Europe

Health Poverty Action, UK

Ibfan Italia, Italy

Initiativ Liewensufank, Luxemburg

Initiative für Netzfreiheit, Austria

Institut za trajnostni razvoj (Institute for Sustainable Development), Slovenia

John Mordaunt Trust, UK

Keep Our NHS Public, United Kingdom

KEPKA (Consumers Protection Center), Greece

Lambeth Keep Our NHS Public, UK

Les Verts du Golfe, France

Milieudefensie, Friends of the Earth Netherlands

National Union of Teachers, UK

NaturFreunde Deutschlands, Germany

NOAH, Friends of the Earth Denmark

No Moor Fracking, Germany

ÖBV-Via Campesina Austria

Occupy London Economics Working Group, UK

Occupy London - Real Democracy Working Group, UK

One World Week-UK

Patients4nhs, UK

PELLETIER, Rhone-Alpes

PEGAH - Verein für regionale und globale Kunst und Kultur / Iranischer Kunst- und Kulturverein, Germany

Pesticide Action Network Europe

Piratenpartei, Germany

PowerShift e.V., Germany

PRO-GE, Austria

Quercus – ANCN, Portugal

Reseau Environment Sante, France

R.I.S.K. Consultancy, Belgium

Slovene Consumers Association, Slovenia

Slow Food Deutschland e.V., Germany

SOMO, Netherlands

StopTTIP, UK

Student Stop AIDS Campaign, UK

SÜDWIND, Austria

The Berne Declaration, Switzerland

The Cancer Prevention & Education Society, England

The Danish Ecological Council

The Energy, Equity and Environment Group of Occupy London

Therapeutikum Wuppertal e. V., Germany

Tower Hamlets Keep Our NHS Public, UK

Trade Justice Movement,UK

Trades Union Congress, UK

Traidcraft Exchange, UK

Transition Town Brixton, UK

Transport & Environment

UK National Hazards Campaign, UK

Umweltdachverband, Austria

UNISON, UK

Vrijschrift, Netherlands

War on Want, UK

Wasser in Bürgerhand (WIB), Germany

Women and Development (KULU), Denmark

Women in Europe for a Common Future

World Development Movement (WDM), UK

World Economy, Ecology & Development (WEED), Germany

WWF European Policy Office

Africa:

AIDSCARE WATCH ORG, Kenya

Center for Health Human Rights and Development, Uganda

Girls-Awake Foundation (GAF), Uganda

Treatment Action Campaign, South Africa

Asia:

IBFAN-ICDC, Malaysia

Latin America

Democracy Center, Bolivia

LATINDADD

Die Originalfassung finden Sie hier.