»Die UN haben in der Rohingya-Krise systematisch versagt«

UN-Bericht, 18.6.2019 (engl. Originalfassung)

Since 2012, and especially since August of 2017, the world has witnessed a wrenching spectacle of human rights violations on a massive scale. The statelessness and extreme deprivation of some 1.4 million Rohingya people, not to mention the grave abuses wrought on them and other Muslim minorities in Myanmar, are totally unacceptable and nothing less than an offence to humanity. Clearly, the main responsibility for this belongs to the Government of that country; sadly, in this it seems tocount with the solid support of most of its population. Further, the human rights abuses are undermining an otherwise positive albeit imperfect political process of gradual democratization and (paradoxically) reconciliation. The United Nations System, despite the advocacy efforts from the Secretary-General’s personal involvement103 as well as that of the most senior officials down to members of the country team, has been relatively impotent to effectively work with the authorities of Myanmar to reverse the negative trends in the area of human rights and consolidate the positive trendsin other areas. Given the increasingly ominous events taking place in the first arena, especially in Rakhine State (but also in Kachin and Northern Shan), progress in Myanmar in other areas seems to have essentially bogged down at the time of writing.

This review explores some of the reasons behind this unsatisfactory state of affairs as seen from the vantage point of the role of the United Nations, which the consultant characterizes as one more case of systemic and structural failures. While it is difficult to assign responsibility for systemic failures to any single entity, and even less so to individuals (although individuals count in that they can either mitigate or aggravate the consequences of the systemic failures), clearly there is a shared responsibility on the part of all parties involved in not having been able to accompany the Government’s political process with constructive actions while at the same time conveying more forcefully the United Nations’ principled concerns regarding grave human rights violations; this, in spite of the initiative of HumanRights up Front, which was conceived in 2014 to address precisely such circumstances (...)

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