Studie des Institute for Economics & Peace, 9.9.2020 (engl. Originalfassung)
Today marks the launch of the inauguralEcological Threat Register (ETR), that measures the ecological threats countries are currently facing and provides projections to 2050.The reportuniquely combines measures of resilience with the most comprehensive ecological data available,to shed light on the countries least likely to cope with extreme ecological shocks.The report is released byleading international think-tank the Institute for Economics & Peace(IEP), which produces indexes such as the Global Peace Index and Global TerrorismIndex.
- 19 countrieswith the highest number of ecological threats are among the world’s 40 least peaceful countriesincludingAfghanistan, Syria, Iraq, Chad, India and Pakistan.
- Over one billion people live in 31 countries where the country’s resilience is unlikely to sufficiently withstand the impact of ecological events by 2050, contributing tomass population displacement.
- Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia,the Middle East and North Africa are the regions facing the largest number of ecological threats.
- By 2040, a total of 5.4 billion people –more than half of the world's projected population –will live in the 59 countries experiencing high or extreme water stress, includingIndia and China.
- 3.5 billion people could suffer from food insecurity by 2050;which is anincrease of 1.5 billion peoplefrom today.
- The lack of resiliencein countries covered in the ETR willlead to worsening food insecurityand competition over resources, increasingcivil unrest and mass displacement, exposing developed countries to increased influxes of refugees
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