Dokumente

»Griechenland hätte das Asylrecht nicht aussetzen dürfen«

Rechtsgutachten im Auftrag von Erik Marquardt MEP, 5.4.2020 (engl. Originalfassung)

This study assesses the measures taken by the Greek government and the European Union (EU) since the end of February 2020 in response to Turkey’s decision to cease its non-departure measures for refugees and asylum-seekers. It analyses the recent closure of the Greek-Turkish border and the temporary ‘suspension’ of the asylum law in Greece from the perspective of EU law, the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), and international refugee law. The opinion concludes that pushbacks or deportations without an individual asylum procedure violate the prohibition of refoulement and the prohibition of collective expulsion. The excessive use of violence at the border constitutes a severe violation of basic human rights, including the right to life. The opinion presents several alternatives to these reactions: EU asylum law in particular provides for solidarity measures and adaptations of the asylum procedure, which are available as appropriate and legal reactions.

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