Urteil des UN-Menschenrechtsausschusses, 7.1.2020 (engl. Originalfassung)
The obligation not to extradite, deport or otherwise transfer pursuant to article 6 of the Covenant may be broader than the scope of the principle of non-refoulement under international refugee law.
The Committee recalls that the obligation of States parties to respect and ensure the right to life extends to reasonably foreseeable threats and life-threatening situations that can result in loss of life.
The Committee also observes that it, have established that environmental degradation can compromise effective enjoyment of the right to life, and that severe environmental degradation can adversely affect an individual’s well-being and lead to a violation of the right to life.
Both sudden-onset events (such as intense storms and flooding) and slow-onset processes (such as sea level rise, salinization, and land degradation) can propel cross-border movement of individuals seeking protection from climate change-related harm. Without robust national and international efforts, the effects of climate change in receiving states may expose individuals to a violation of their rights, thereby triggering the non-refoulement obligations of sending states.
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