Bericht von Amnesty International, 11.5.2020 (engl. Originalfassung)
etween December 2019 and March 2020, the Syrian government,backed by its ally Russia,subjected civilians in opposition-held areasin north-west Syriato a new wave of horrors. In an all-too-familiar pattern, attacks from the air and the ground repeatedly struck residential areas and crucial infrastructure. Yet even by the standards of this calamitous nine-year crisis, the resulting displacement and humanitarian emergencywere unprecedented. In towns and villages in Idlib and western Aleppo governorates, the barrage of attacks emptied out entire communities; the escalationwasevidently a continuation of an offensive that began in April 2019 targeting the last pocket under the control of armed opposition groups. Cornered, and with nowhere left to go, civilians flooded already overstretched displacement camps, pitched tents in farms and schools, or ended up in the open in brutal weather. A strained humanitarian community struggled to meet overwhelming needs. And the international community, including the UN Security Council, once again remained largely paralysed as even the most basic humanitarian norms werepoliticized. Amnesty International has examined the impact of the latest military offensive.The findings are based primarily on remote research conducted between Januaryand April 2020. Researchers interviewed 74 people, including direct witnesses of attacks, displaced people who providedaccounts of conditions in displacement,local and international aid workers and UN staff members. Researchers also reviewed videos and photographs, analysed satellite imagery and obtained logs of aircraft observations by flight spotters on the ground,as well asintercepted aircraft radio communication,to assess consistency with witness accounts.On 15 April 2020, Amnesty International sent letters summarizing its findings and requesting related information to the permanent missions of the Syrian and Russian governments to the UN in New York, as well as Hay’at Tahriral-Sham, the largest coalition of armed groups in north-west Syria. No response had been received as of 4May, when this report was finalized.
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