Dokumente

»Jair Bolsonaro wickelt Brasiliens Umweltschutz ab«

Aufruf von 1.230 brasilianischen Wissenschaftler*innen, Indigenen und Akteur*innen der Zivilgesellschaft, 3.2.2020 (engl. Originalfassung)

Since 2005, successful conservation policies have made Brazil a global example of environmental governance, in particular expanding Protected Areas and Indigenous Lands, developing advanced monitoring systems to detect vegetation loss, and intervening in soy and beef supply chains. Now, the administration of president Jair Bolsonaro is dismantling the country’s social–environmental policies, jeopardizing the governance of globally important ecosystem services.

Brazil is a country with an immense responsibility towards humanity. First, because it contains the largest portion of the Amazon rainforest, a critical element stabilizing the Earth’s climate system. Second, its well-conserved terrestrial ecosystems store immense amounts of carbon and 12% of global water resources. Third, its terrestrial and marine ecosystems harbour 10% of the world’s biodiversity, including many species useful for food, medicine and construction. Moreover, Brazil’s cultural diversity includes over 300 ethnic groups that preserve ancient Indigenous Ecological Knowledge and have historically provided essential services for societies.

To help Brazil restore a resilient and participatory governance system, we suggest three main priorities aligned with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, Aichi Targets), the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement.

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