Studie des Institute for Economics and Peace, 20.11.2019 (engl. Originalfassung)
Deaths from terrorism fell for the fourth consecutive year, after peaking in 2014. The decline in deaths corresponds with the military successes against ISIL and Boko Haram, with the total number of deaths falling by 15.2 per cent between 2017 and 2018 to 15,952. The largest fall occurred in Iraq, which recorded 3,217 fewer deaths from terrorism in 2018, a 75 per cent decrease from the prior year. For the first time since 2003, Iraq is no longer the country most impacted by terrorism.
ISIL’s decline continued for the second successive year. Deaths attributed to the group declined 69 per cent, with attacks declining 63 per cent in 2018. ISIL now has an estimated 18,000 fighters left in Iraq and Syria, down from over 70,000 in 2014.
Somalia recorded the second largest reduction in deaths for the second year in a row, with 824 fewer deaths recorded than in 2017. Attacks by Al-Shabaab declined by 24 per cent following an increase in United States-led airstrikes targeting the group.
Total deaths from terrorism are now down over 52 per cent from their peak in 2014.
The fall in the total number of deaths from terrorism was mirrored by a reduction in the impact of terrorism around the world, with 98 countries recording an improvement on their GTI score, compared to 40 that recorded a deterioration.